Director of Communications Fahrettin Altun calls for “restructuring” of UN

Director of Communications Fahrettin Altun calls for “restructuring” of UN

Director of Communications Fahrettin Altun: “In line with the ideals of global peace, welfare and justice, the UN must be restructured in line with the call for “a fairer world is possible.”

Presidency’s Director of Communications Fahrettin Altun sent a video message to the panel titled “United Nations Security Council Reform: A New Approach to Reconstructing the International Order”, organised by the Directorate of Communications in Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina.

Recalling that the United Nations was established in 1945 by 51 countries, including Türkiye as a founding member, in an effort to prevent future wars of this magnitude following the destruction and devastation caused by the Second World War, Director of Communications Altun stated that the organisation's fundamental goal was ensuring and preserving international peace and security.

Director of Communications Altun noted that although the UN, which currently has 193 members, stands out as the strongest and most legally binding institution among the organisations formed on a global scale, it has not been able to develop concrete solutions to prevent the major humanitarian disasters in the post-Cold War period, nor has it played an impressive role in the preservation of peace and security. Altun continued as follows:

“As we all know, the organisation, which in the past was unable to prevent the human tragedies in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Rwanda, Syria and Kosovo, has recently demonstrated similar desperation during Russia's ongoing attacks against Ukraine. The United Nations has undoubtedly contributed to peace and stability in the world and has existed as a stabilising power in various parts of the world for many years. However, in the face of the developments in world politics and the shift in the balance of power in the last three decades, the organisation is no longer able to meet expectations.

It is evident that the UN, which was established to preserve peace and security, cannot meet the expectations of the international community in this regard at present. Today, the United Nations can no longer fulfil its stabilising function.

However, 77 years after the end of the Second World War, the maintenance of international peace and security is more vital and urgent than ever. Approximately 1.5 billion people currently live under the threat of violence in numerous conflict zones worldwide. Not only are the armed conflict risks or armed conflicts increasing in number, but they also result in a considerable number of civilian casualties, the displacement of vast populations, and grave abuses of fundamental human rights.”

The fact that the organisation is far from playing a sufficiently effective and consistent role in the face of these events that threaten world peace and stability also reduces its credibility and prestige in the eyes of the international community, Altun said and added that the influential nations in the current system had become part of the problem, not the solution. International institutions, which were formed with the intention of stabilising the world, are currently incapable of fulfilling this mission in its entirety. 

The United Nations should be redesigned so that world peace and security may be maintained more effectively

Indicating that they have repeatedly experienced that, with its current structure, the United Nations does not provide solutions to global issues but rather produces impasses, Altun noted the following:

“We have seen how the permanent membership of the UN by one of the warring parties or one of the parties to the crisis impedes the processes. With this structure, the United Nations takes the side of its five powerful permanent members rather than the weak, aggrieved or righteous. With its current structure, the UN is unable to speak out against the persecutors.

This is primarily due to issues with the organisation's institutional structure. It is a fact that Asian, Latin American and African countries are clearly barred from representation in the UN Security Council. At this point, our President’s call that "The world is bigger than five" is an objection to oppression, unfairness and injustice. It is an objection to the functioning of the global system established by five countries and to global injustices.

Considering all these, we are increasingly convinced that our President’s calls for a reform of the UN are justified and should be implemented.”

Director of Communications Altun emphasised that today the UN reform efforts deserve to be negotiated more intensely than ever, and suggestions are needed on what kind of institution the UN should be, indicating that all of these, however, should not just be discussed but actually implemented.

Underlining that the United Nations should be redesigned so that world peace and security may be maintained more effectively, Director of Communications Altun said, “We, as Türkiye, have long presented our proposal within this framework and opened it to discussion with other countries. Our proposed solution is to adopt the perspective expressed in the motto "The world is bigger than five," which is based on reorganising the UN Security Council.”

UN must be restructured in line with the call for “a fairer world is possible”

Pointing out that a UN that reflects multiculturalism is needed to ensure a just and more sustainable global peace, Director of Communications Altun noted that the reform of the Council such that the continents, religions, origins, and cultures are represented in the most equal manner possible will be a revolutionary step towards a solution and global peace.

Director of Communications Altun said, “As our President stated, “It is neither moral nor fair for only five countries to decide on issues that will affect the fate of the entire world. The world is bigger than five countries. It is possible to build a multi-polar, multi-cantered, multi-cultural, more inclusive and fairer world.” In line with the ideals of global peace, welfare and justice, the UN must be restructured in line with the call for “a fairer world is possible.”