During his opening speech at TRT World Forum 2019, held at Istanbul Congress Center with the theme “Globalization in Retreat: Risks and Opportunities”, Director of Communications Fahrettin Altun told the phenomenon of globalization would be discussed thoroughly at the forum.
Indicating that the phenomenon of globalization refers to both an ideology and a reality, Altun continued as follows:
"This concept appeared in the aftermath of the Cold War as a self-evident, irrefutable and irreversible notion. At a time when the end of history was declared, it was a period in which the claims that ‘the world became a single place from one end to the other’ were on the agenda. Furthermore, it was a period when the prophecies that the notions of nation-state and national sovereignty would lose their value were popular. However, the reputation of these predictions and enthusiastic analyses has declined significantly since the middle of the 2000s. We have been talking about the retreat of globalization since then. We are not just talking about the retreat of globalization, but the retreat of the world system.”
Also pointing to the rise of income equality in developed countries, Altun noted the following: "The reactions to these developments combined with the economic crises in the late 2000s were dubbed ‘the crisis of capitalism’. Many Western authors and intellectuals currently regard these, the internal crises and contradictions of the West, as a global phenomenon. As you would appreciate, this approach constitutes a Western-centric and Europe-centric interpretation.”
The policy of unilateralism pursued by the US since September 11, as well as the recent inward-oriented anti-free trade tendencies, feed on the idea of American exceptionalism, Director of Communications Altun said, and continued:
"From this perspective, the globalization trend is an outcome of US victory in the Cold War rather than developments in communication technologies or the transportation culture. This is a very limiting and problematic perspective. Today, it is time we stop reducing the globalization debate down to the global responsibilities of the US and move this debate outside of the Western paradigm. To this end, especially the rising powers have a huge responsibility. It is the “the next world”, i.e. us, who should take over the flag of globalization and work for the interests of all, and introduce a perspective based on partnership and relations between equals instead of an asymmetrical relationship."
"Our fight is the fight for justice"
Pointing out that the Republic of Turkey has become a global player in certain fields and has been struggling to put forward how the rising powers would make the globalized world a fairer place, Prof. Altun said: "Our fight is the fight for justice. As our President put forth in a clear way, we are fighting for justice for our region and justice for the world. First of all, in terms of humanitarian aid and development assistance, we extend our helping hand to people who are in difficult situations in every corner of the world from Africa to South America, from the Middle East and to Asia. These initiatives are carried out under the leadership of our President. I would like to thank our President for the steps taken so far.”
Prof. Altun noted that Turkey performed economic activities that serve everyone's interests on the basis of the win-win principle by strengthening commercial relations with all regions of the world.
Stressing that Turkey was almost alone in the fight against global terrorism and migration problem not only for its own safety but also for the safety of the region and the whole world, Prof. Altun said:
“Moreover, in this struggle, we are urged to tell that terror is 'terror' and that the terrorist organization is a 'terrorist organization'. In this context, we are also exerting efforts to raise the suffering of innocent people from Rakhine to Syria, from Palestine to Kashmir to the agenda in international platforms and create global solutions to these problems. As our President repeatedly expressed under the umbrella of the United Nations that ‘The World is Greater Than Five’, this is a strong reflection that demonstrates our search for global justice. We observe that security threats extend beyond national borders. We all know that, under these circumstances, it is no longer possible to reverse globalization.”