Presidency’s Directorate of Communications holds “Global Governance after Covid-19” panel in Rome

Presidency’s Directorate of Communications holds “Global Governance after Covid-19” panel in Rome

In the panel titled "Global Governance After Covid-19: Türkiye's Vision for a More Equal, Just, Resilient and Sustainable World" organised by the Presidency's Directorate of Communications in Rome, the capital of Italy, where the G20 Leaders' Summit will be held, the necessity of reforming the United Nations (UN) was emphasised.

At the panel moderated by Melinda Nucifora from TRT World and held at the Yunus Emre Institute Turkish Cultural Centre in Rome, Italian scholar and expert on international relations and Turkish politics Valeria Giannotta, Scientific Director of Observatory on Türkiye at the Centre for Politics and International Studies (CeSPI), Faculty Member Prof. Oktay Tanrısever from Middle East Technical University, Assoc. Prof. Kılıç Buğra Kanat, Research Director at the SETA Foundation in Washington DC, Faculty Member Prof. Hasan Basri Yalçın from Istanbul Commerce University and Turkish Presidential Investment Office Country Advisor for Italy Gino Costa made speeches.

At the panel held ahead of the G20 Leaders' Summit, Türkiye's approach to global governance in the new world order that emerged after the Covid-19 pandemic, the role of the G20 and the UN, and Türkiye's proposals for UN reform were discussed.

Stating that the current multilateral system had proven to be ineffective, Giannotta said, "The post-Covid-19 era has resulted in a rethinking of organisational structures not only at the individual scale but also at the international level. As President Erdoğan said, 'The world is bigger than five'; therefore, organisations like the UN need to be reformed."

Pointing out that some weaknesses had surfaced in the European Union (EU), particularly with Covid-19, Giannotta said, "Italy was the first and most affected country by Covid-19. We were terribly alone, and Italy suffered greatly due to the lack of harmony and solidarity within the EU during the pandemic. At that time, in April 2020, Türkiye sent a significant amount of aid to Italy. This shows how Italy and Türkiye are two sister countries."

Expressing that the panel title determined by the Directorate of Communications was extremely important, Prof. Oktay Tanrısever said, "The international community has gone through serious tests. Therefore, we must rethink the basic principles of global governance. Covid-19 has revealed that the international order was actually extremely fragile."

Indicating that G20 countries that will meet in Rome should take this matter seriously, Tanrısever said, "Because these countries bear a greater share of responsibility and also have the capacity to address these issues. As Türkiye, we did. We must place people at the centre of global governance."

Stating that this panel, under the aforementioned theme, was convened at the proper time, just prior to the G20 Summit, Prof. Hasan Basri Yalçın underlined that they were going through a very difficult period in terms of global governance.

Noting that no definition on the nature of the transformation the international systems would undergo had been introduced yet, Yalçın said, "We must reform several critical international organisations such as UN. This, however, is a difficult task." Yalçın added that while UN reform was discussed numerous times in the 90s, people nowadays avoided talking about these matters, and each country tended to its own business.

Assoc. Prof. Kılıç Buğra Kanat said that the notion of reforming international organisations was not the result of intellectual effort, but rather a necessity enforced by Türkiye's geography.

Kanat said, "When you look at Türkiye's geography, you can see that the international system has failed. For instance, there is no end in sight to the ten-year-old conflict in Syria. International organisations have no intention in this regard, either. Similarly, Iraq has been undergoing a civil war for two decades. There is a nuclear issue in Iran. Besides, there was the Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The Minsk Group was unable to resolve this issue for 30 years. A part of Georgia is under occupation. Now, a part of Ukraine is also under occupation. International organisations have no solution to these problems."

Emphasising that Europe was dealing with the migration crisis, Kanat said, "Türkiye has repeatedly requested international assistance and global burden-sharing. One of the reasons Türkiye is so adamant about reform is because it is geographically located in the centre of this failed international system and bears the consequences every day."

Gino Costa added that while international trade and supply chains were affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, Türkiye benefited from a favourable geographical position, which contributed to its economic growth.